Antibiotic treatment is used to slow down or kill the bacteria that cause gum disease. The antibiotic is generally placed under the gums or administered orally. Oral pills are prescribed for acute infections, while chronic gum infections typically require a deep cleaning consisting of scaling and root planing followed by antibiotic therapy.
We may prescribe antibiotics in the form of an over-the-counter mouth rinse. If oral pills are prescribed, they need to be taken for seven to ten days. We can also put antibiotics directly onto the infected area in the mouth. This is known as local therapy and comes in a number of forms, such as a powder and gel. The powder is applied under the gums and dissolves over the course of a few weeks. Antibiotic gels are injected under the gums to control infection. The area is then sealed with a periodontal pack. The bandage will be removed after a week or ten days, and the remaining gel will be cleaned off.